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NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA
University Village, Nnamdi Azikiwe Expressway, Plot 91, Cadastral Zone, Jabi, Abuja
Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Extension,
PoP Examination Questions, October/November, 2019
Programme: Agricultural Extension and Management
Course Title: Introduction to Agricultural Extension and Rural Sociology
Course Code: AEM 301
Credit Unit: 2
Total Score: 70 Marks
Time Allowed: 2 Hours
INSTRUCTION: Answer compulsory question 1 (25 marks) and any other 3 questions (15 marks each).
1. a. i. Define Social Stratification (2marks)
ii. State the four (4) functions of Social stratification. (4marks)
b. Explain briefly how extension activities were carried out in Nigeria during the pre-colonial era.
c. Give four (4) distinctions between competition and conflict. (8marks)
d. State six (6) forms of social conflict that commonly take place in rural areas. (6 mks)
2. a. Enumerate any five (5) forms of conflict accommodation that commonly exist in your locality.
b. Explain the five (5) forms of conflict accommodation that commonly exist in your locality
(mentioned in 2a above) (10marks)
3. a. Explain vividly what you understand by the term “social change” (5marks)
b. i. Mention five (5) different types of social change noticeable in the lives of the rural dwellers in
ii. The use of tractor and its attachments such as trailers for haulage of farm produce and inputs,
ploughs, harrows and ridges, is more popular in the developed countries than less developed
countries of the world, give five (5) reasons why it is so. (5marks)
4 i. Define theory according to Parsons. (3marks)
ii. State two functions of theory according to Parsons. (3marks)
iii. Mention the four (4) groups based on the theories of causation (6marks)
iv. List the three phases of cyclic theory (3marks)
5 a. Highlight the three strategies adopted for rural development in your country (3marks)
b. Explain the three approaches used for rural development. (12marks)
6. Explain six (6) characteristics of rural dwellers that differ from their urban counterparts.